The Nevada DOT administers three FTA programs for rural public transit funding assistance in Nevada.
§5311 Rural Area Program
Section 5311 (49 U.S.C. 5311) Non-Urbanized Area Formula Program, makes federal funding assistance available for the development, implementation and promotion of public transportation systems in small urban and rural areas of the state. The FTA provides funding assistance to ensure that all Americans, including those who live in small urban or rural areas, have access to public transit to meet their mobility needs.
The NDOT acts as a pass-through agency to provide Section 5311 federal funding assistance for program administration, capital expenses and operating expenses to providers of general-public transportation services in small urban and rural areas. Section 5311 funding assistance can assist with up to 80% of program administration, up to 95% of capital or mobility management expenses, and up to 59.38% of operating or intercity bus expenses.
Nevada's program requires a minimum of 20% local match for program administration assistance, a minimum of 5% local match for capital and mobility management assistance, and a minimum of 40.62% local match for operating and intercity bus assistance.
Eligible subrecipients include local government authorities, Native American tribes, public and private non-profit organizations, and private operators of public transportation services, including intercity bus operators.
The FTA has defined the goals of the §5311 Program to:
- Enhance the access of people in Non-Urbanized Areas to health care, shopping, education, employment, public services and recreation;
- Assist in the maintenance, development, improvement, and use of public transportation systems in rural and small urban areas;
- Encourage and facilitate the most efficient use of all rural transportation funds used to provide passenger transportation in rural areas through the coordination of programs and services;
- Provide financial assistance to help carry out national goals related to mobility for all, including seniors, individuals with disabilities, and low-income individuals;
- Increase availability of transportation options through investments in intercity bus services;
- Assist in the development and support of intercity bus transportation;
- Encourage mobility management, employment-related transportation alternatives, joint development practices, and transit-oriented development; and
- Provide for the participation of private transportation providers in rural public transportation.
The FTA has defined the goals of the §5311 Mobility Management Program to:
- Improve coordination among public transportation and other service providers; and
- Build coordination among existing public transportation providers and other transportation service
providers with the result of expanding the availability of service.
Program Administration Funding Assistance
Program administration assistance may be used to pay for administrative staff salaries, office supplies and office equipment used to administer the transit program, among other items. Requires a minimum of 20% local match.
Capital Funding Assistance
Capital assistance may be used to maintain revenue and service vehicles and purchase small vehicle-related equipment and parts. Requires a minimum of 5% local match.
Operating Funding Assistance
Operating assistance may be used to pay for driver and dispatcher salaries, fuel, utilities, operating and safety supplies, among other items. Requires a minimum of 40.62% local match.
Intercity Bus Funding Assistance
Intercity bus assistance may be used to pay for administrative staff salaries, office supplies and office equipment used to administer the transit program, maintain revenue and service vehicles and purchase small vehicle-related equipment and parts, and pay for driver and dispatcher salaries, fuel, utilities, operating and safety supplies, among other items. Requires a minimum of 40.62% local match.
Mobility Management Funding Assistance
Mobility management assistance can pay for short-range planning, management activities, and projects (including personnel and technology activities). Mobility management techniques can enhance transportation access for populations beyond those served by any one agency or organization. Mobility management does not include operating public transportation services.
Mobility management is an eligible capital expense under the NDOT Section 5311 Program. Mobility management can provide funding assistance at up to 95% of program expenses with a minimum of 5% local match. Eligible mobility management expenses include salary, fringe benefits, computer(s) and software, etc. Requires a minimum of 5% local match.
§5310 Enhanced Mobility of Seniors and Individuals with Disabilities Program
Section 5310, (49 U.S.C. 5310) Enhanced Mobility for Seniors and Individuals with Disabilities, provides formula funding to states for the purpose of assisting private nonprofit organizations or governmental entities in meeting the transportation needs of the elderly and persons with disabilities. Funding assistance and match requirements are listed under the General Funding Requirements section of FTA Circular 9070.1G, dated July 7, 2014.
Eligible subrecipients are private non-profit organizations, governmental authorities where no non-profit organizations are available to provide service, and governmental authorities approved to coordinate services.
The FTA has defined the goals of the §5310 Program to:
- Enhance mobility for seniors and persons with disabilities by providing Federal Transit Administration funds for programs in small urbanized and rural areas that serve the special needs of transit-dependent populations beyond traditional public transportation services and Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) complementary paratransit services.
The §5310 Program provides capital funding for purchases to:
1) Serve the special needs of transit-dependent populations beyond traditional public transportation services, where public transportation is in-sufficient, inappropriate, or unavailable;
2) Fund capital projects that exceed the requirements of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA);
3) Fund capital projects that improve access to fixed-route service and decreased reliance on complimentary paratransit; and
4) Fund capital projects that are alternatives to public transportation.
§5339 Bus and Bus Facility Program
Section 5339, (49 U.S.C. 5339) Bus & Bus Facilities Infrastructure Investment Program, makes federal resources available for agencies operating fixed-route services to replace, rehabilitate and purchase buses and related equipment* and to construct bus-related facilities including technological changes or innovations to modify low or no emission vehicles or facilities. Funding assistance and match requirements are listed under the General Funding Requirements section of FTA Circular 5100.1, dated May 18, 2015.
Eligible subrecipients include public agencies or private nonprofit organizations engaged in fixed-route public transportation, including those providing services open to a segment of the general public, as defined by age, disability, or low income.
The FTA has defined the goals of the §5339 Program to:
- Replace, rehabilitate and purchase buses, vans, and related equipment;
- Construct bus-related facilities; and
- Innovate/modify low or no emission vehicles or facilities.
*This program provides funding to replace, rehabilitate, and purchase bus-related equipment and facilities. This includes the acquisition of bus maintenance and administrative facilities, transfer facilities, bus malls, transport centers, intermodal terminals, park-and-ride stations, passenger shelters and bus stop signs, accessory and miscellaneous equipment such as mobile radio units, supervisory vehicles, fare boxes, computers, and shop and garage equipment.