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Transit Programs

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The Nevada DOT administers three FTA programs for rural public transit funding in Nevada.

§5311 Rural and Small Urbanized Area Program 

Section 5311 (49 U.S.C. 5311) Non-Urbanized Area Formula Program, makes federal funds available for the development, implementation, and promotion of public transportation systems in rural (population of less than 50,000) and small urban areas (population of 50,001 to 199,999). The FTA provides funding to ensure that all Americans, including those who live in rural and small urban areas, have access to transit to meet their mobility needs.

The NDOT uses Section 5311 federal funds to assist with administration, capital, and operating expenses in the provision of general-public transportation services in rural and small urban areas. Section 5311 funds can be used for up to 80 percent of administration expenses, up to 95 percent of capital expenses, and up to 60 percent of operating expenses. Funding under this program can also be used for intercity routes and mobility management programs. 

Funding under this program in Nevada requires a minimum 40% local match for operating assistance, a minimum 20% local match for administrative assistance, and a minimum 5% local match for capital assistance.

Eligible subrecipients include local government authorities, Native American tribes, public and private non-profit organizations, and private operators of public transportation services, including intercity bus operators.

The FTA has defined the goals of the §5311 Program to:

  • Enhance the access of people in Non-Urbanized Areas to health care, shopping, education, employment, public services and recreation;
  • Assist in the maintenance, development, improvement, and use of public transportation systems in rural and small urban areas;
  • Encourage and facilitate the most efficient use of all rural transportation funds used to provide passenger transportation in rural areas through the coordination of programs and services;
  • Provide financial assistance to help carry out national goals related to mobility for all, including seniors, individuals with disabilities, and low-income individuals;
  • Increase availability of transportation options through investments in intercity bus services;
  • Assist in the development and support of intercity bus transportation;
  • Encourage mobility management, employment-related transportation alternatives, joint development practices, and transit-oriented development; and
  • Provide for the participation of private transportation providers in rural public transportation.

The FTA has defined the goals of the §5311 Mobility Management Program to:

  • Improve coordination among public transportation and other service providers; and
  • Build coordination among existing public transportation providers and other transportation service
    providers with the result of expanding the availability of service.

Administration Funding for Section 5311 Program

Revenue received through federal, state, and local grants or reimbursements to fulfill program administration expense obligations not covered by fares or other revenues generated by the transit system. Administration expenses include administrative staff salaries, overhead expenses, supplies, and office equipment used to administer the program.  

Capital Funding for Section 5311 Program

Revenue received through federal, state, and local grants or reimbursements to assist with the purchase and preventative maintenance costs of long-term assets of a public transit system. Capital assistance may be used to purchase vehicles or vehicle-related equipment, such as wheelchair lifts for use in service.  

Operating Funding for Section 5311 Program

Revenue received through federal, state, and local grants or reimbursements to fulfill operating expense obligations not covered by fares or other revenues generated by the transit system. Operating expenses include driver and dispatcher salaries, fuel, utilities, operating and safety supplies, communication tower space rental, etc.

§5311(f) Mobility Management Program

This section, (49 U.S.C. 5311(f)) Non-Urbanized Area Mobility Management Program, can consist of short-range planning, management activities, and projects (including personnel and technology activities). Mobility Management techniques can enhance transportation access for populations beyond those served by any one agency or organization. Mobility Management does not include operating public transportation services. Mobility Management is an eligible capital expense under the NDOT Section 5311 Program. Mobility Management is funded at 95 percent with a 5 percent local match requirement. Eligible Mobility Management expenses would include salary, fringe benefits, computer(s) and software, etc. Other expenses such as travel must receive prior written approval from the NDOT. 

§5310 Enhanced Mobility of Seniors and Individuals with Disabilities Program

Section 5311, (49 U.S.C. 5310) Enhanced Mobility for Seniors and Individuals with Disabilities, provides formula funding to states for the purpose of assisting private nonprofit organizations or governmental entities in meeting the transportation needs of the elderly and persons with disabilities.

The NDOT funds Section 5310 projects at 80 percent of the cost of capital projects; the remaining 20 percent must be provided by local funding, which may be derived from other federal (non-U.S. DOT) transportation sources. Only capital projects are eligible for funding under the NDOT’s Section 5310 program.

Funding under this program in Nevada requires a 20% local match.

Eligible subrecipients are private non-profit organizations, governmental authorities where no non-profit organizations are available to provide service, and governmental authorities approved to coordinate services.

The FTA has defined the goals of the §5310 Program to:

  • Enhance mobility for seniors and persons with disabilities by providing Federal Transit Administration funds for programs in small urbanized and rural areas that serve the special needs of transit-dependent populations beyond traditional public transportation services and Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) complementary paratransit services.

The §5310 Program provides capital funding for purchases to:

1) Serve the special needs of transit-dependent populations beyond traditional public transportation services, where public transportation is in-sufficient, inappropriate, or unavailable;

2) Fund capital projects that exceed the requirements of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA);

3) Fund capital projects that improve access to fixed-route service and decreased reliance on complimentary paratransit; and

4) Fund capital projects that are alternatives to public transportation. 

Eligible subrecipients are private non-profit organizations, governmental authorities where no non-profit organizations are available to provide service, and governmental authorities approved to coordinate services.

§5339 Bus and Bus Facility Program

Section 5339, (49 U.S.C. 5339) Bus & Bus Facilities Infrastructure Investment Program, makes federal resources available to replace, rehabilitate and purchase buses and related equipment* and to construct bus-related facilities including technological changes or innovations to modify low or no emission vehicles or facilities. Applicants applying for Section 5339 funding must comply with FTA Circular 5100.1 requirements.

Eligible subrecipients include public agencies or private nonprofit organizations engaged in fixed-route public transportation, including those providing services open to a segment of the general public, as defined by age, disability, or low income. This funding requires a 20% match.

The FTA has defined the goals of the §5339 Program to:

  • Replace, rehabilitate and purchase buses, vans, and related equipment;
  • Construct bus-related facilities; and
  • Innovate/modify low or no emission vehicles or facilities. 

*This program provides funding to replace, rehabilitate, and purchase bus-related equipment and facilities. This includes the acquisition of bus maintenance and administrative facilities, transfer facilities, bus malls, transport centers, intermodal terminals, park-and-ride stations, passenger shelters and bus stop signs, accessory and miscellaneous equipment such as mobile radio units, supervisory vehicles, fare boxes, computers, and shop and garage equipment.