Rural and Small Urban (§5311) Program
Section 5311 (49 U.S.C. 5311) Non-Urbanized Area Formula Program, makes federal funds available for the development, implementation, and promotion of public transportation systems in rural (population of less than 50,000) and small urban areas (population of 50,001 to 199,999). The FTA provides funding to ensure that all Americans, including those who live in rural and small urban areas, have access to transit to meet their mobility needs.
The NDOT uses Section 5311 federal funds to assist with administration, capital, and operating expenses in the provision of general-public transportation services in rural and small urban areas. Section 5311 funds can be used for up to 80 percent of administration expenses, up to 95 percent of capital expenses, and up to 60 percent of operating expenses. Funding under this program can also be used for intercity routes and mobility management programs.
Funding under this program in Nevada requires a minimum 40% local match for operating assistance, a minimum 20% local match for administrative assistance, and a minimum 5% local match for capital assistance.
Eligible subrecipients include local government authorities, Native American tribes, public and private non-profit organizations, and private operators of public transportation services, including intercity bus operators.
The Federal Transit Administration has defined the goals of the 5311 Program to:
- Enhance the access of people in Non-Urbanized Areas to health care, shopping, education, employment, public services and recreation;
- Assist in the maintenance, development, improvement, and use of public transportation systems in rural and small urban areas;
- Encourage and facilitate the most efficient use of all rural transportation funds used to provide passenger transportation in rural areas through the coordination of programs and services;
- Provide financial assistance to help carry out national goals related to mobility for all, including seniors, individuals with disabilities, and low-income individuals;
- Increase availability of transportation options through investments in intercity bus services;
- Assist in the development and support of intercity bus transportation;
- Encourage mobility management, employment-related transportation alternatives, joint development practices, and transit-oriented development; and
- Provide for the participation of private transportation providers in rural public transportation.
The Federal Transit Administration has defined the goals of the 5311 Mobility Management Program to:
- Improve coordination among public transportation and other service providers; and
- Build coordination among existing public transportation providers and other transportation service
providers with the result of expanding the availability of service.
Administration Funding for Section 5311 ProgramRevenue received through federal, state, and local grants or reimbursements to fulfill program administration expense obligations not covered by fares or other revenues generated by the transit system. Administration expenses include administrative staff salaries, overhead expenses, supplies, and office equipment used to administer the program.
Capital Funding for Section 5311 ProgramRevenue received through federal, state, and local grants or reimbursements to assist with the purchase and preventative maintenance costs of long-term assets of a public transit system. Capital assistance may be used to purchase vehicles or vehicle-related equipment, such as wheelchair lifts for use in service.
Operating Funding for Section 5311 Program
Revenue received through federal, state, and local grants or reimbursements to fulfill operating expense obligations not covered by fares or other revenues generated by the transit system. Operating expenses include driver and dispatcher salaries, fuel, utilities, operating and safety supplies, communication tower space rental, etc.
Section 5311 Mobility Management Program