Tolling: One Form of Public-Private Partnership
The authority to enter into public-private partnerships to build toll lanes and roads is needed to move Nevada forward.
Toll lanes and other tolled transportation facilities are just one of many forms of public-private partnerships. Nevada needs the legislative authority to enter into toll-related public-private partnerships to move the state forward.
Toll lanes and facilities have proven popular and effective with commuters in California, Utah, Oregon, Washington, Florida, Minneapolis, Denver, Dallas, Houston, and many other areas.
Public-private partnerships can deliver toll projects in several ways. Utilizing a long-term lease public-private partnership, the private partner may finance, design, build, operate, and/or maintain a facility for a period of years in exchange for rights to project-related income generated. In another approach, the state could retain such project-related income and pay the private partner a set amount for a number of years based on facility performance.
There are many forms that toll facilities could take in Nevada:
New toll roads
New toll lanes as an addition to an existing facility
Toll bridges or other toll transportation facility
How Modern Toll Facilities Work
Here are some potential characteristics of how a managed toll facility project could work in Nevada.
Electronic Tolling- Electronic tolling systems allow tolls to be collected continuously at highway speeds, helping to keep traffic moving smoothly and avoiding the construction and maintenance of toll booths.
Carpool, Transit and Emergency Vehicles Travel Free- Public transit and emergency vehicles, as well as preregistered carpools with a certain number of occupants, could use toll facilities free of charge or at a discount. Over and above very important safety benefits, this could lead to increased ride-sharing and transit use in certain areas.
Enforcement- Nevada law enforcement agencies would enforce the use of toll facilities. Automated electronic and visual means could be used to reduce the number of violators illegally using toll facilities, while any personally-identifying data would be secure and only used for toll collection and enforcement.
Congestion Pricing- For managed lanes projects, solo drivers and non-carpool vehicles could choose to access the toll facilities for a charge. This charge could be placed by motor vehicle type or according to time of day and corresponding amount of congestion, with travel during less-congested times being charged less.
These congestion-related fees spur travel during less-congested times; thus stabilizing traffic flow and maximizing roadway capacity.